One of the major and most crucial diseases in the world is blood diseases which affects humans brutally. These type of diseases caused the death of millions worldwide and were cause of many different reasons.
However, a recent study conducted by Johns Hopkins showed that lowering radiation on patients who need bone marrow transplants will increase the rate of engraftment to almost 100%. This change might be the cure for blood diseases for patients with half-matched donor cells.
Such disease include commonly known sickle cell anemia and beta thalassemia. The lead scientist in the discovery, Dr. Robert Brodsky, professor of medicine and oncology research at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, director of the Division of Hematology, and a member of the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center commented on their results saying, “These results are really exciting as we’re approaching a 90 percent cure rate for sickle cell and beta thalassemia. Bone marrow transplants are not just for patients with a perfectly matched donor. A half-match is definitely good enough.”
Prior to the discovery, radiation was used on blood diseases which was a painful method that kills more than needed from the body. The frequent use of radiation is well-known to lead to cancer which in turn is a worse disease. However, this new discovery might actually be the cure for blood disease and might encourage more people to undergo bone marrow transplant.